Cancer is usually caused when uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth occurs in the body. This is dangerous when these damaged cells spread out of control and form clumps of tissue, also called tumors.
Liver cancer begins to develop in the liver. It can also arise because it is produced in other organs of the body. Liver cancer usually metastasizes, which means it has developed in other organs in the body. The liver is a very important part of the human body as it mainly performs all the vital functions.
Some appropriate liver cancer causes are viral infection or hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus, smoking, and various other causes such as liver cirrhosis. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common cancer worldwide today.
Liver cancer is treated gradually after diagnosis using various imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound or computed tomography. Once identified in the liver, it can be treated with surgery, tumor ablation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or sometimes even combination therapy given to the patient as chemoradiation.
Liver cancer is also treated by identifying the type of liver cancer. If the patient is diagnosed with hepatoblastoma, the tumor is removed by resection, surgery, or liver transplantation, and if the patient has hepatocellular carcinoma, the best treatment is percutaneous ablation.
This is a non-surgical process used to treat hepatoblastoma. In cases of cholangiocarcinoma, systemic chemotherapy such as gemcitabine and cisplatin may be used for treatment or transarterial chemoembolization.