Fertigation is a procedure where fertilizer is dissolved, diluted, and spread alongside water via micro irrigation methods. This system is particularly prevalent in horticulture and extensive agriculture. fertigation methods include the right quantity of fertilizer based on the plants' nutrient deficiencies.
This procedure reduces soil erosion, reduces the danger of the follicles contracting soil-borne ailments, reduces water intake, lowers the total amount of fertilizer used, raises the nutrients consumed by the crops, and also controls the exact time and speed of fertilizers being discharged.
There are two Kinds of fertigation methods:
- The proportional strategy is utilized in soilless mediums in which an exact amount of fertilizer stock solution is injected into every component of water flowing throughout the irrigation method.
- The quantitative approach is employed in open areas where the horticulturalist first determines how much fertilizer ought to be applied per unit area.
The advantages of fertigation approaches over traditional methods include:
- Accurate positioning of nutritional supplement, in which the water travels the nutritional supplement goes too.
- More effective and create high-quality plants
- Reduction of fertilizer, chemicals, and water necessary.
- Reduced leaching of fertilizers and chemicals to the water source.
- Decreased water intake because of this plant's increased root mass's capacity to trap and hold water.
A drip irrigation system is employed for vegetable production. Injector pumps like piston pumps and Venturi kind are recommended.