What causes bunions on the foot?

Bunions are a growth of bone of the big toe joint that may grow to be uncomfortable and is connected with a deviation of the great toe over towards the lessor toes. There are only 2 things that may cause bunions: a hereditary predisposition as well as bad fitting shoes.

There isn't a lot you can do regarding the innate or hereditary risk since you have that from your father and mother. If you want to fault anyone, then blame your mother and father. The science has confirmed that it's perhaps an autosomal dominant attribute. I am not saying that you will definately get a bunion, it simply means that you're at a greater risk of getting a bunion deformity. This inherited risk shows up in the dysfunction of your feet and how your foot moves. Biomechanics plays a vital role with the growth and development of bunions and is a significant element in how fast a bunion progresses. There are some things that podiatry practitioners could do in an attempt to improve the biomechanics of the feet which could really make a difference with the long-term end result.

The other big aspect will be the selection of footwear and that's something you can modify to make choices that can affect the outcome of bunions. Shoes that are too narrow across the ball of the foot which pushes over the great toe and presses on the hallux joint is definitely the key risk element for bunions. Mix these tight fitting shoes with the inherited risk factors and bunions are generally very likely to come about at some point. The issue will likely be simply how much and how often you use the poor fitting footwear. Even though you may not possess the genetic risk from your father and mother, the use of of poor fitting shoes is still a risk, however most likely not just as much as if you're genetically susceptible. Shoes are also responsible for triggering the strain over the swollen bunion which makes them painful. This is deemed to be the answer why bunions tend to be more frequent in females since they tend to put on higher heel height tight fitting dress footwear more often. However, the increased frequency in females may be as a result of hormonal dissimilarities among men and women and the way these hormones impact the ligaments round the joints.

Strangely enough, bunions still do occur in those that don't wear footwear, therefore footwear is not the complete problem. Even so, within these populations the bunions are never that bad and don't get painful. Using shoes makes them more serious, means they are progress more and also ensures they are painful. There is also data coming from archaeological sites that there was a huge rise in bunions found in skeletons from medieval times when they began wearing tighter fitted footwear.

Bunions can be prevented if you deal with the risk elements early on. The using of shoes which are wide enough to not result in the stress on the big toe or hallux has become the more important prevention steps. If you have a hereditary risk, then it's much more crucial you do this as you can not replace your hereditary mother and father. Understanding the cause of bunions will be the initial step to preventing getting a bunion.